Neurokinin-1 receptor (NK1) antagonists show potent antiemetic effects for chemotherapy-related, postoperative and motion sickness related nausea and vomiting. The oral form is aprepitant (Emend™) and the IV form is fosaprepitant. 5-HT 3 antagonists show benefit in preventing nausea instead of vomiting, while NK1 antagonists can prevent both nausea and vomiting  .
Effect of postoperative analgesia on major postoperative complications: a reduces narcotic requirements and antiemetic rescue medication in laparoscopic Roux-en-Y. Of all 20 participants only one had received antiemetics in preventing purpose. Outpatient anesthesia: The effect on early versus late recovery and called Antihistamines, 1st Generation, Antiemetic Agents, Antihistamines, Piperazine Derivatives. What are the possible side effects of Atarax? Atarax is used for treating anxiety, for sedation before and after general anesthesia, and to treat Fancy a speed walk, connect your anaesthetic gym or affect unfashionable with your Antiemetic: 5'10 mg PO tid'qid or 25 mg PR call or 5'10 mg deep IM q4'6h o Give antiemetic 30 minutes prior to administration due to side effect o Do not of diarrhea Balanced anesthesia o Considerations: peds and elderly o Opioid Dramamine affects certain receptors in central nervous system to treat dizziness, dizziness, has antiemetic, anti-vomiting, sedative, and mild anti-allergic effect.
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Afford protection from motion sickness for 4-6 hours, but produce sedation and dryness of mouth. Propofol is known to possess direct antiemetic effects. Propofol antiemetic use for induction and maintenance of anesthesia has been shown to be associated with a lower incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) when compared to any other anesthetic drug or technique. It has been shown that total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) with Incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) with various combinations of anesthetic –omission of nitrous oxide (air), use of total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) with propofol and use of remifentanil (remi) – and antiemetic interventions (single, double or triple antiemetics of the following: ondansetron 4 mg, droperidol 1.25 mg and dexamethasone 4 mg). General anesthesia was induced with thiopental 5 mg/kg IV and fentanyl 2 μg/kg, and was maintained with enflurane, 50% nitrous oxide, and oxygen. All patients received vecuronium 0.1 mg/kg to facilitate tracheal intubation and to maintain subsequent intraoperative neuromuscular blockade. 1976-01-01 · The complaints of nausea and vomiting were recorded 24 h after anesthesia.
Several neurotransmitters are involved in the nausea and vomiting process, and antiemetic medications are targeted to specific neuroreceptors.  Table 7.5a compares the neurotransmitters involved in the nausea and vomiting process, classes of antiemetic medication targeting these neurotrasmitters, prototype antiemetic medications, and associated mechanisms of action. 
General anesthesia was induced with thiopental 5 mg/kg IV and fentanyl 2 μg/kg, and was maintained with enflurane, 50% nitrous oxide, and oxygen. All patients received vecuronium 0.1 mg/kg to facilitate tracheal intubation and to maintain subsequent intraoperative neuromuscular blockade.
Studies confirming the efficacy of propofol as an antiemetic almost invariably have involved the use of a propofol infusion or an intermittent bolus technique for maintenance of anesthesia. 15, 25, 26, 27 This survey found that a large majority of practicing anesthesiologists use propofol at induction for long and short cases, with the hope of achieving an antiemetic effect.
A randomized, prospective, and comparative study was performed to evaluate the antiemetic effect of 10% lipid solution in 60 women, ASA physical status I and II, Therapeutic Effects:anxiolysis, amnesia, sedation, hypnosis, antiemetic Anesthesia Implications Rapid onset with short duration Primary premedication for anxiolysis. Amnesia may only last 20-30 minutes. Marked decrease in dosage requirements as the patient increases in age.
1976-01-01 · The complaints of nausea and vomiting were recorded 24 h after anesthesia. We found that DHB compared to pentobarbital had a greater antiemetic effect after ether anesthesia, but the difference was not significant (P greater than 0.05). However, if only persistent nausea and vomiting were considered, the difference was significant (P less than
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2014-09-16 The investigators would like to compare the therapeutic and cost effectiveness of established therapies for postoperative nausea and vomiting to regional nerve blocks of the head and neck area an intervention known for analgesia but for which the antiemetic effects hasn't been entirely explored. 2021-02-02 The postanesthetic antiemetic effect of premedication with dehydrobenzperidol before ether anesthesia. Alsner T, Brandt MR, Sorensen B. A study was performed to evaluate the antiemetic effects after ether anesthesia when dehydrobenzperidol (DHB) and pentobarbital were used for premedication and to compare these effects with halthane anesthesia when pentobarbital was used as premedication. Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is the most common complication associated with anesthesia and surgery, occurring in approximately one-third of all patients and up to 70% of “high-risk” patients. 1 PONV is a cause of great distress for patients, and in addition to creating a highly unpleasant experience of discomfort, it can lead to a variety of unintended consequences such as delayed discharge, wound dehiscence, dehydration, tearing of sutures, and potential pulmonary [Antiemetic effect of intravenous Polaramine in anesthesia].
Therefore, we evaluated the antiemetic effect of intravenous dexamethasone during continuous subcutaneous infusion of morphine for post-operative pain relief. Methods: Twenty patients scheduled for spinal surgery under general anesthesia were enrolled in this randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled study. Therefore, we evaluated the effects of combined propofol and volatile anesthesia on PONV incidence in patients undergoing laparoscopic gynecological surgery. The results of this study showed that the use of combined propofol and volatile anesthesia during laparoscopic gynecological surgery caused a 66% reduction in PONV (from 62% to 21%), an effect that was more pronounced in the early
In a double blind controlled study of 41 patients undergoing hysterectomy during ether anesthesia, 5 mg.
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In the current study, propofol had significant antiemetic activity when administered at the end of surgery with sevoflurane anesthesia but not when it was administered in conjunction with desflurane anesthesia. To detect an effect of propofol after desflurane in this patient population, a much larger group would be necessary.
INTRODUCTION. Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is the most common complication associated with anesthesia and surgery, occurring in approximately one-third of all patients and up to 70% of “high-risk” patients. 1 PONV is a cause of great distress for patients, and in addition to creating a highly unpleasant experience of discomfort, it can lead to a variety of unintended consequences such as delayed discharge, wound dehiscence, dehydration, tearing of sutures, and potential Pharmacology of Antiemetics: Update and Current Considerations in Anesthesia Practice Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is associated with delayed recovery and dissatisfaction after surgical procedures. A key component to management is identifying risk factors and high-risk populations. that is one of the most commonly used antiemetics7 and has a large safety profile.